Tree species distribution in Andean forests: influence of regional and local factors
Autores: Cecilia Blundo, Lucio R. Malizia, John G. Blake, Alejandro D. Brown
We identified and quantified regional and local environmental factors and spatial variation associated with tree-species composition across a 2000-m altitudinal gradient of Andean forest in north-western Argentina. We marked and measured a total of 22.240 trees belonging to 160 species. A high proportion of variationwas explained by climatic factors that were spatially structured; after removing the spatial effect, climate explained more variation in species composition across the complete gradient than did local factors. Relative importance of regional and local factors varied with geographic extent. Local factors explained more variation in tree-species composition at the within-forest scale than at the scale of the complete gradient.